World Waterfall Database

Skytjefossen

Hordaland County, Norway

Status: Cataloged
This waterfall has been surveyed by members of the World Waterfall Database.

Detailed Info

For perhaps centuries Skytjefossen has been among the most noted waterfalls in the world, appearing in textbook citations and encyclopedias when discussing the world’s most notable waterfalls, but little information outside of such sources seems to have ever made its way into widespread availability. This is quite odd considering that Skytjefossen is a very easily accessible and very significant waterfall. Situated near the end of beautiful Simadalen at the head of Hardangerfjord, Skytjefossen is a massive plunging waterfall, dropping 1,033 feet (315m) in a nearly sheer fall. For several decades reference sources cited the falls as dropping 650 feet (198m), and some even mistakenly claimed nearly 2,000 feet (600m) – which would be accurate if the long talus runout below the actual waterfall were taken into account, so this measurement would almost certainly stem from surveys by the hydropower industry. Most current sources suggest a height of 300m (984 feet) which is clearly a ballpark estimate. When we surveyed the falls in June 2011, we found the falls to be situated too far away from the road to take an accurate measurement with our equipment. Using GPS positioning and a partial measurement of the position of the bottom of the falls, we were however able to establish a fairly accurate estimate of 315m based on topographic data.

A big reason Skytjefossen has been listed in encyclopedias for so long is its proximity and partial incorporation into the Sima Hydroelectric power station. The Skytjedalselva is fed by melt from the Hardanger Icefield, which provides a consistent flow of water all year. However, the majority (if not all) of the water flowing from the glacier is diverted into a tunnel well upstream of the falls, funneling the flow to the power station. This naturally leaves Skytjefossen diminished in volume late in the year, but because the runoff from the drainage basin below the dam is not diverted, the falls flow with great force during the spring and early summer months.

History and Naming

Skytjefossen is the Official name of this waterfall.

Has also been known as:

  • Skykkje
  • Skykjefossen
  • Skykkjedalsfossen

Because of the extra vowels in the Norwegian languages this waterfall has been known under multiple different spellings. Skytjefossen is the correct spelling according to Statkart, but also acceptable are Skykjefossen and Skykkjefossen and Skykkjedalsfossen. Additionally, the wholely incorrect Skytjedalsfossen has sometimes also been applied, but this is the name of a waterfall located further upstream near the diversion dam. We believe the proper pronunciation to be SHEE-tyuh-fossen.

Our Thoughts

When we survyed the falls in June 2011, we knew about how tall we expected the falls to be, but the sheer magnitude of the cataract was not something we were prepared for. The falls are viewed from a road about 700 linear meters away from the falls, and even at that distance the spray from the falls was strong enough that we had to repeatedly wipe our lenses when taking pictures. If its just flowing lightly Skytjefossen is a rather significant waterfall, but when it’s really moving some water, this thing is an immensely powerful waterfall that easily stands its ground among the best on the planet.

Photo Tips

From the road the bottom of the falls is somewhat obscured. Viewing the falls from slightly further downstream will yield a marginally better view than from immediately under the powerline clearing. The falls face northwest and will see direct sun during the afternoon hours. Because the falls are over 2,000 linear feet from the road, a modest zoom lens is necessary to achieve a well framed shot. Be cautious of spray from the falls during the early summer months, it will drift all the way down to the road.

Location & Directions

Coordinates:   60.4966, 7.2449
Elevation:   2385 feet

Skytjefossen is found near the end of Simadalen in Eidfjord. From Highway 7 in central Eifdjord, follow the signs pointing north to Simadalen (Route 103), following the paved road for 9.2km. Shortly after crossing the river a second time, bear left at a Y junction (if you miss this junction you’ll encounter a dead-end) and follow this gravel road for about 2.7km further to a power line clearing. The falls will be visible high up the side of the valley to the right (south) of the road.

View this location in Google Earth
Skytjefossen is marked with the large icon in the center of the map. Up to ten additional waterfalls (if any) may be marked as well, with links below.

Other Nearby Waterfalls

Additional Waterfalls which occur within 5 miles of Skytjefossen
No additional waterfalls were found within 5 miles.

By The Numbers

The information presented in this table is meant to help identify and clarify the physical aspects of the waterfall for comparative purposes. While we try to ensure this information is as accurate as possible, sometimes it will prove necessary to either estimate or flat out guess at certain characteristics where either enough information isn't readily available, is not known, or we were not able to confirm a given trait upon surveying. This information may be changed at any given time to ensure accuracy.

Total Height

The Total Height listed for the waterfall represents the difference in elevation from the top of the uppermost drop, to the bottom of the lowermost drop of the waterfall, including all stretches of interstitial stream in between. Stream between two tiers of a waterfall is counted in its overall height regardless of whether or not that section of the stream would be legitimately considered a waterfall on its own right, were it to be isolated. Waterfalls with only one drop will of have the height of only the single drop listed here.

Tallest Drop

The Tallest Drop figure represents the height of the largest single drop within a multi-stepped waterfall. Waterfalls with only one drop will have the total height of the waterfall repeated here.

Num of Drops

The Number of Drops in a waterfall is a tally of the total number of distinct drops which make up the waterfall. Stretches of interstitial stream in between two or more distinct drops of a single waterfall are NOT considered to be distinct drops of the waterfall unless the section of stream in question would otherwise qualify as a waterfall were it to be isolated.

Avg Width

The Average Width of the waterfall represents the breadth of the waterfall from bank to bank under typical flow conditions, or if the waterfall has been Cataloged, under the conditions which it was most thoroughly surveyed. Often this number will be approximated because of a lack of approachability to many waterfalls. We often utilize Google Earth to measure the width (where imagery is of sufficient quality and resolution to allow it.

Maximum Width

Maximum Width represents a hypothetical measurement of roughly how wide a waterfall could get during peak streamflow or flood conditions. For smaller waterfalls, this figure will generally not differ much from the Average Width measurement, but for broader waterfalls - especially those that feature a crest that isn't constricted - this figure can at times be consideraby larger. Like the Average Width measurement, this measurement will take into account the difference in width at the top and bottom of the waterfall as much as possible, but will often be made based on the width of the crest of th falls alone.

Pitch

The Pitch of a waterfall is an estimated - often very roughly - measure of the average slope or steepness of a waterfall. The Pitch figure only takes into account sections of stream which are actively falling. Pools or stretches of level stream in between two or more successive drops of the falls will not factor in this figure. As an example, a waterfall which features two truly free-falling leaps separated by several dozen yards of flat stream will have a Pitch of 90 degrees. Similarly, a waterfall with two drops separated by a pool, one with a true free-falling drop, and one with a Horsetail type fall will average the two, so while the Plunging drop has a Pitch of 90 degrees, if the Horsetail drop has a Pitch of 45 degrees, the total Pitch will be roughly 67 degrees.

Run

The Run of a waterfall is a measurement representing the total linear distance on the ground between the top and bottom of a waterfall. This figure is not often easy to establish with a high degree of precision and as such will often be estimated. Waterfalls with a longer Run will usually either be less steep, often cascading type waterfalls, or will feature multiple steps separated by shorter stretches of a more gradual gradient streambed.

Form

The system of classification of waterfall forms we use is a heavily modified derivative of the classifications outlined by Greg Plumb in his "Waterfall Lover's Guide to the Pacific Northwest" books. While plumb uses eight distnct forms, we wanted further granularity and opted to break down the hierarchy twofold: first based on the overall pitch of the waterfall, and then based on what shape the fall takes as it makes its descent. There are five primary Categories of falls in this system: Plunge, Horsetail, Steep Cascades, Shallow Cascades, and Rapids. Additional deliniation is then applied depending on characteristics such as the breadth of the falls, whether it splits into two or more channels, whether it falls in multiple successive drops, etc. For more information on our waterfall form classifications, see the Help page.

Watershed

The watershed which a waterfall occurs within, if it is specified, will be based on the ultimate distributary watercourse to the ocean. For example, Washington's Palouse Falls occurs along the Palouse River - which is a tributary to the Snake River, which is itself a tributary to the Columbia River, which ultimately enters the Pacific Ocean, so Palouse Falls would then fall within the Columbia River watershed. Streams which empty directly into the ocean, or into a minor basin which then empties to the ocean will often have this field left blank.

Stream

The name of the watercourse which the waterfall occurs along. If the watercourse is not known to have an officially or colloquially recognized name, this field is left blank.

Avg Volume

The volume of water present in the stream at the location of the waterfall. This is often the most difficult figure to pin down because accurately measuring streamflow is not a simple process. We will rely on USGS data as much as possible, and attempt to take into account seasonal fluctuations in stream levels if possible. There is no guarantee that this figure will be accurate, and in cases where there is no USGS data to use, it may be a very, very rough estimate at best.

Source

If known, the primary source of the watercourse which produces the waterfall will be listed here. This is helpful in determining whether a waterfall may flow more consistently during certain periods of the year - streams which originate in Springs, Lakes, or Glaciers will often flow more consistently throughout the year than those fueled by simply Runoff. The source of the stream may also be either unknown or undetermined.

Flow Consistency

A rough estimation of how many months out of the year the stream which produces the waterfall will actually hold water. The vast majority of waterfalls featured on this website will technically be truly perennial waterfalls (those that flow all year long), but some may see their flow dwindle greatly in the late summer months. This figure will not take into account the winter months when the waterfall may freeze, because in such cases the waterfall will very often be inaccessible. Entries which specify a Flow Consistncy of 12 Months should in general have an acceptable flow at any time of year (but may be better during certain periods - see below).

Best Flow

A general estimate of the best period of the year during which time the falls will be considered at optimal conditions, or flowing at their best. There may be variance within the range specified where the flow will be better or worse, but visiting at any time in the range specified (if available) will generally present the waterfall in its best light.

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Key

Cataloged Icon
Cataloged
Waterfalls which are Cataloged we have visited and surveyed in person. Statistical information should be quite accurate (for the most part), and exact measurements will often be available (information is not guaranteed to always be up to date). Detailed information, directions, and photographs will almost always be available.
Confirmed Icon
Confirmed
Confirmed Waterfalls are known to exist, should be relatively accurately mapped and geotagged, and the statistical information available will often be dependable. If height information is presented, it may be estimated but should be accurate. Directions will not likely be available.
Unconfirmed Icon
Unconfirmed
Unconfirmed Waterfalls are often marked on a published map, but we have yet to confirm the exact location and / or whether or not its stature is significant enough to qualify for listing in the database. Statistical information may be estimated and may be inaccurate. No directions.
Unknown Icon
Unknown
Waterfalls marked as Unknown are either suspected to exist based on heresay or a hunch, or we have received unverified information suggesting a waterfall may exist near the location provided but cannot corroborate it in any way. Geodata may not be accurate, the location may not be known at all, and statistical information will be estimated and highly inaccurate.
Inundated Icon
Inundated
Inundated Waterfalls have been submerged beneath lakes or reservoirs, usually a result of impoundment of a river behind a dam, and most often no longer functionally exist (there may be rare exceptions). We maintain records for these features out of historical importance.
Subterranean Icon
Subterranean
Though not common, some waterfalls can be found entirely underground within cave systems. Access to subterranean waterfalls can vary from easy via developed walkways to requiring a high level of extremely technical spelunking skill, including familiarity with ropework and a distinct lack of claustrophobia.
Disqualified Icon
Disqualified
Waterfalls which have been marked as Disqualified do not have the necessary stature or features to qualify as a legitimate waterfall according to our criteria. We will maintain records for entries with this status where the feature is well known and / or may have been historically referred to as a waterfall at some point in time.
Posted Icon
Posted
Posted Waterfalls are known to exist, and we may have a large amount of information associated with them, but are located on private property and are not legally accessible to the general public. Accessing waterfalls with this status should not be attempted without first being explicitly granted permission of the property owner.
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